1. Is airport security necessary? 2. Who benefits from airport security? 3. Who should perform security screening? 4. Who should pay for airport security?
Is airport security necessary?
Yes. A direct act of terrorism can cause loss of life and damage to property. A perceived threat of terrorism can reduce trade (the movement of people and goods) and consequently economic activity.
Who benefits from airport security?
Beyond direct beneficiaries of users (i.e. airlines and their passengers), the benefits extend to all people (residents and visitors) in any country; an act of terrorism in the air can cause damage and harm to people and property on the ground. The preservation of economic activity is a national interest, therefore everyone benefits.
Who should perform security screening?
Federal employees should perform screening because airport security should be viewed as a public service (similar to law enforcement, medical services, military) due to its benefits enjoyed by all people.
Who should pay for airport security?
All people should pay for airport security through general taxation because the benefits are enjoyed by those who do not directly use air travel. User fees unfairly cause burden on one sector of the economy to the benefit of all others.